Culture as memory, commemorating, remembering and ruminating
The ways of being and understanding of culture, memory and remembering are changeable, as are their mutual references. Culture can be an object of remembering as well as a remembering subject. It can be understood as a resource or as a process. If we understand culture as a remembered (“commemorated”) resource, a question arises what objects fill it. The objects are value-focused wholes composed of things, places, figures and events. If we understand culture as the process of remembering, we can distinguish activities that sustain (make manifest) remembering and produce (activate) remembering. The article ends with some remarks on “ruminating” understood as professional or amateur broadening of the knowledge of the past as well as education and promotion of this knowledge. Ruminating is treated here as an internal cultural process.