Limits of the (non)human in contemporary art
Contemporary art has undoubtedly been showing a growing interest in animals, the position of human beings and their struggle with their own identity as a species. Art works constitute a significant and critical contribution to this discussion, held, among others, by philosophers and biologists. J. Ullrich, pointing to thorough transformations in our approach to our relations with other animals, goes even as far as to call it an animal turn. Artists express the boundaries of the (non)human in many different ways: by creating inter-species works (B. Rothhaar, Bee Project), enabling us to recognise ourselves in the non-human Other (C. Höller, Orang-outang) and pondering over the status of biological hybrids (Art Orienté objet, Que le cheval vive en moi). It is interesting, too, that human interference (creation of transgenic animals) proves to be helpful in realising the vagueness of the boundaries between species (K. High, Embracing Animal). An analysis of the above mentioned works undermines the basis of the binary division into the human and the animal, which also forces us to the reinterpret the culture-nature relation.