Music closer to the body. The problem of musical perception
A repressive model of music reception, established by the institutional culture of the 19th century, was the main factor that determined the way of thinking about a piece of music and rules for musical perception in the philosophical tradition. The sensual experience of music, where creativeness and perception are viewed as active and body-related acts, was particularly neglected. The autonomy of music (regarding it as a musical work of art) was achieved at the expense of losing the understanding that an individual’s musical activity is a derivative of their existential (as defined by M. Merleau-Ponty) engagement in reality. Maurice Merleau-Ponty may well be one of the major 20th century philosophers to contribute to the revaluation of the issue of corporeality in cultural tradition. The idea of corporeality as an aspect of perception creates new opportunities for analysing music reception; it proves to be a starting point for a new way of thinking about music in the context of its relation with the concepts of nature and culture.